In its takeover of Hong Kong in 1997, China made the promise of “one country, two systems” and enacted the Basic Law in the city. Article 27 of this mini-constitution guarantees all citizens the right to freedom of speech, of the press and of publication. Article 39 promises the implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights by law.
Despite these protections, those freedoms have has come under increasing pressure in recent years. In 2019, HKSAR ranked 73 in the world in press freedom index conducted by Reporters Without Borders, down from 51 in 2008 and 18 in 2002, the inaugural year of the ranking.
Beijing – via political, economic and physical threats – and the problem of self-censorship that resulted from have caused the deterioration of freedoms. Press Freedom rated new low – 45 and 40 out of 100 respectively – by both the public and the press, according to a 2018 Hong Kong Journalists Association survey.
Last updated: 24 February 2019 Hong Kong Journalists Association